This project focuses on the "Competition or Collaboration between Human Beings and AI? ", through the implementation of specific practical applications and meta-criticism, to carry out six related sub-projects at the same time. The goal of this project is to facilitate a cross-disciplinary collaboration between scholars in human and social sciences and computer engineering and generates feasible policies and laws to guide the development of future AI as the best helper, rather than an adversary, for human beings.
“The best interests of the child” is the primary consideration for the court in handling family cases involving minors. However, a precise understanding of the “best interests” standard remains elusive. Does the competing interpretation render the judicial decisions unpredictable? To answer this question, natural language processing (NLP) will be employed to classify and analyze thousands of family law cases to make predictions and reliability assessments. In addition, qualitative research methods, such as in-depth interviews with judges and family law attorneys, will be used to supplement NLP toward better understanding of judicial behavior.
The main purpose of the sub-project is to study how to combine both technical and legal knowledge of artificial intelligence, and to automatically interpret contractual rights and obligations, in order to establish a smart contractual management system.
In recent years, artificial intelligence has been discussed in art applications. People also have questioned that the works created by artificial intelligence only have images without texts and is it called art? Will it threaten the status of the artists and how do we define the author of these AI artworks? In this project, we will develop a "reproducible creation" system and try to train the images database with image descriptions, and then let the artificial intelligence model can do the task of "image to text, text to image". From the perspective of competition and cooperation, we will implement the "Curation" and "Creation" exhibitions through our "reproducible creation" system we developed, and invite the art critics of Taiwan to discuss the artworks together.
With the rapid development in data analytics, computational power, and machine learning, artificial intelligence (AI) systems are increasingly used by governments—social welfare agencies, law enforcement authorities, and courts. Such development also has been witnessed to pose compelling challenges to human rights. For example, China’s social credit system and other AI-assisted policing/surveillance programs to profile individuals for stringent social control have posed serious repercussions on the freedom of expression, privacy protection, and non-discrimination. In addition, Google’s personalized advertisement based on personal data, search and location history, Facebook’s filtered news feed and social ecosystem driven by user profiling, and smart credit scoring systems of Sesame Credit has generated concerns over discrimination, privacy, and distributional justice. Against this backdrop, this sub-project is aimed at exploring the dynamics between the artificial intelligence and human rights and formulating a human rights-oriented legal framework to regulate the development of artificial intelligence.
“AI applications and the social impact” employs survey and interview to explore the technical advancement of AI upon various fields, such as autonomous vehicle, smart home, and smart manufacturing, along with their benefits and concerns (such as comfort, safety, health/well-being, sustainable development, energy reduce, concerns for privacy, data misuse, technological reliability, human independence, inequality, and risk for occupation replacement). The findings of this empirical study will contribute to the international academic community, and more importantly, to the policy making process in Taiwan.
A major difference between the recent development of the artificial intelligence (AI) and the former technological revolution lies at that the AI is being applied not merely as a tool but is also as human-like intelligence with the capability to simulate expected human non-structuralized behaviors and judgments in a manner that is unidentifiable as artificial or non-human behaviors and judgments. The focus of the research of the sub-project aims at exploring and tackling those philosophical and psychological issues that are triggered by the development of the AI, to mention just a few of them: Can AI be regarded a species with human intelligence and what may be the criterion for judging it? Does AI have free will? Why should we be apprehensive about AI while we embrace it? and so forth. Furthermore, this research also tries to arrive at a position for AI from the philosophical tradition, and to avoid misunderstanding by means of identifying the hard-core of the problems, the possible types of the problems, and the respective responses to each of them.